The Fukushima disaster did relatively little to alter the course of nuclear power in most countries. Governments that had plans to phase out nuclear energy before the disaster occurred largely stuck with them, and those that were committed to boosting nuclear capacity remained so, according to a 2017 report by the Nuclear Energy Agency and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Still, it prompted Taiwan and some countries in Western Europe to move more quickly to phase out nuclear energy. Belgium and Germany sped up plans to shut down their nuclear reactors, and Italians voted overwhelmingly against rebuilding their nuclear sector. Today, nuclear energy makes up only a small portion of the world’s total energy consumption. But some countries could witness a nuclear energy revival in the next few decades as they work to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
Council on Foreign Relations 5th March 2021 read more »