Nuclear fusion could be a reality within 20 years after the Government’s green plan gave a major boost to British research projects. Long considered a pipe dream of low-risk, cheap green energy, Nuclear fusion has become a more serious proposition in recent years, with British scientists in the running to be the first to get there. Fusion works by merging at extremely high temperatures of the nuclei of atoms to form a heavier element, the same process that takes place in the Sun. The challenge for scientists on Earth has been to produce more energy than they must put in to create the reaction. It is not to be confused with nuclear fission, where an atom is split sparking a powerful chain reaction that emits a large amount of energy, which can be utilised if controlled in a nuclear reactor. Boris Johnson is personally invested in the ‘holy grail’ of fusion, last year declaring British scientists to be “on the verge” of success.
Telegraph 22nd Nov 2020 read more »