This briefing reviews recent research regarding greenhouse gas emissions from the manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. We analyze this research in the overall context of life-cycle emissions of electric cars as compared to conventional internal combustion vehicles in Europe. Finally, we discuss the primary drivers of battery manufacturing emissions and how these emissions could be further mitigated in the future. Electric cars are much cleaner than internal combustion engine cars over their lifetime. We find that a typical electric car today produces just half of the greenhouse gas emissions of an average European passenger car. Furthermore, an electric car using average European electricity is almost 30% cleaner over its life cycle compared to even the most efficient internal combustion engine vehicle on the market today. Battery manufacturing life-cycle emissions debt is quickly paid off. An electric vehicle’s higher emissions during the manufacturing stage are paid off after only 2 years compared to driving an average conventional vehicle, a time frame that drops to about one and a half years if the car is charged using renewable energy. Grid decarbonization offers a significant opportunity to reduce the impact of battery manufacturing.
International Council on Clean Transportation Feb 2018 (accessed) 4th June 2019 read more »
Spanish automaker SEAT has become the latest car brand to enter the increasingly crowded global electric vehicle (EV) market, announcing its first fully battery-powered car will be “one of the most affordable electric vehicles offered”. Premiering in Oslo, Norway, today, the Mii Electric has a range of up to 260km on a single charge and is expected to enter the market by the end of the year, with pre-sales starting in September, the company confirmed yesterday.
Business Green 4th June 2019 read more »
Electric vehicles (EVs) could save the UK, France, Italy, and Spain between €500m and €1.3bn each year as the countries switch to renewable energy thanks to the utilisation of emerging smart charging and vehicle-to-grid technologies. That is the central conclusion of a major new study released by European think tank Transport & Environment this week, which argues the growing market for EVs has a critical catalysing role to play in the transition towards ultra-low carbon energy infrastructure. Researchers from Element Energy, which undertook the study, detailed how smart charging systems can help avoid peaks in electricity demand and provide extra storage on the power grid when there are oversupplies of renewable electricity, thereby reducing the need to build additional grid storage and power plants. However, to take advantage of the savings opportunities, the EU and member states need to ensure all new EV charging infrastructure is smart charging-capable, according to green NGO Transport & Environment, which commissioned the study alongside energy giants Enel and Iberdrola, and carmaker Renault.
Business Green 5th June 2019 read more »