Over recent decades, inequality between countries has fallen, in particular due to fast economic growth in China and India. But our new research suggests climate change could reverse this trend. In addition to socioeconomic evolution regarding demography, education and technological progress, climate change will affect how inequality between countries changes in the future. Impacts of climate change disproportionately hit the poorest countries, while the costs of greenhouse-gas reduction will also be unevenly distributed. In an article recently published in the journal Climatic Change, we build scenarios that account for uncertainties regarding these dimensions. This allows us to analyse the prospect of future inequality between countries in the 21st century, under varying levels of climate change. We find that climate change could reverse the declining trend of recent decades, particularly if the economic damages due to warming are high. This could lead to a rise in inequality in the course of the 21st century.
Carbon Brief 17th March 2020 read more »
Polluting emissions from old fridges, foam insulation and outdated air conditioning units are slowing the recovery of the ozone layer over Antarctica, scientists have discovered. Goods manufactured using now-outlawed chemicals are leaking huge volumes of harmful gases into the atmosphere.
iNews 17th March 2020 read more »